He then visits the holiday party of his employer, Mr Fezziwig, who despite modest means embodies the spirit of celebration. Belle eventually breaks their engagement and marries another man, whose large and happy family Christmas the ghost takes Scrooge to witness. The Ghost of Christmas Present whisks Scrooge to celebrations of Christmas in different settings throughout the land. They then travel to the home of Fred, who valiantly defends his uncle against criticism, choosing to pity rather than condemn him.
Are there no workhouses? The only people who feel any emotion at his passing are debtors who now have more time to repay their loans.
After returning to the Cratchit home, where Scrooge sees the family mourning the passing of Tiny Tim, he is taken to a neglected grave, where to his horror, he sees the name Ebenezer Scrooge. Awakening on Christmas morning, Scrooge realizes there is still time to act. May that be truly said of us, and all of us. And so, as Tiny Tim observed, God bless us, every one! A Christmas Carol is a tale of redemption.
Having glimpsed in so short a time the course of his whole life, Scrooge is able, for the first time, to perceive its true trajectory. He realizes that, despite his growing wealth, his greed is alienating everyone around him, making him a boon to no man and a curse to many. Hoping against hope to write a different final chapter, Scrooge embarks on a new life. Maybe that says more about me than him, though.
It may not win prizes for its dynamism, but aided by a strong cast and wonderfully fuzzy soft lighting, it warms the cockles regardless. A TV special narrated by Vincent Price with sets seemingly borrowed from a local school Christmas play and a cast with decidedly American accents. I thought about putting that into more erudite and critical language, but came to realise it already summed up the situation perfectly. This is arguably the movie version of A Christmas Carol to which all others are compared. Alastair Sim is absolutely superb as Scrooge, constantly disgruntled with the world; he is a mean and uncaring old man, but with a visible inner pain which few other Scrooges convey.
Dickens was surprisingly vague about both of these facts, and it seems to vary from film to film. The issue of Fan dying while giving birth to Fred is also never directly referenced by Dickens, but it crops up in several of the film adaptations. Fully deserving of its place as a Christmas classic. An all-singing, all-dancing film starring Albert Finney in the titular role. The other ghosts in this version are a bit strange, the ghost of Christmas Past is just some non-descript old dear and the ghost of Christmas present opts to get Scrooge pissed in order to make him more cheerful.
Seems obvious now you think about it. The sight of some topless hooded demons, looking like extras from a Flash Gordon movie, dragging a chain around a screaming Scrooge, is frankly a bit much. Admittedly, I only have a very limited knowledge of musicals and their merits, but it seems to me that the songs are all fairly average, though they are still annoyingly catchy be warned. The Cratchit family are all irritatingly chipper throughout, although credit must go to the filmmakers for actually having a family of cockneys playing the roles of this working class London family.
Not one that many of you will be familiar with, but this Oscar-winning short film is well worth seeking out should you be so inclined. The first ghost is particularly trippy, as it swiftly zooms Scrooge from past memory to past memory. There is also a particularly malevolent and mean Scrooge voiced by Alastair Sim, reprising the role he made his own in the screen version. Truth be told, I actually watched this version by accident. I was expecting another animated version to arrive from a certain online film rental company, and they sent this one in error.
It leaves huge swathes of the story out, has absolutely zero charm, and somehow looks more dated than the one from I genuinely believe that if four or five of us got together for a long weekend, we could knock up a better looking animated movie. Obviously, with the story being Disneyfied somewhat, the darker edges have been largely trimmed off, although there is still something strangely unsettling about Black Pete as the gargantuan Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come.
- The wonder of an open heart.
- Through the Darkest Depths Of Space.
We get a glimpse early on of Scrooge at the bank exchange ripping some fellow business men off over a deal involving some corn. The Ghost of Christmas Past does date the film somewhat, as she is quite possibly the most 80s ghost imaginable. At one stage I thought it might actually be Toyah. Unfortunately, it also contains another incredibly annoying Tiny Tim who, to make look sicker, they have clearly just put dark make-up round his eyes. It makes him look like a bit like a child zombie more than anything. Okay, granted, this is technically not a direct adaptation of A Christmas Carol, rather a Bill Murray comedy which happens to follow a similar plot.
However, the story of Francis Xavier Cross, the cruel and uncaring TV executive who mends his ways after being visited by three ghosts, is close enough in my book.
Murray is on peak form as the misanthropic ball of hate that is Frank Cross, and he's backed up by plenty of memorable supporting roles with special praise going to David Johansen, who is perfect as the cigar chomping Ghost of Christmas Past. All the ghostly visitations are really neatly worked in, with the Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come a particularly clever creation - its emergence from a bank of TV screens is especially effective. Interesting fact for you trivia fans out there as well: Scrooged is easily the finest Christmas comedy of all time, and deserves to be watched every year without fail.
From then on Scrooge begins to treat everyone with kindness, generosity and compassion, embodying the spirit of Christmas. The writer Charles Dickens was born to a middle class family which got into financial difficulties as a result of the spendthrift nature of his father John.
In John was committed to the Marshalsea , a debtors' prison in Southwark , London. Dickens, aged 12, was forced to pawn his collection of books, leave school and work at a dirty and rat-infested shoe-blacking factory. The change in circumstances gave him what his biographer, Michael Slater, describes as a "deep personal and social outrage", which heavily influenced his writing and outlook. At the end of December Dickens began publishing his novel Martin Chuzzlewit as a monthly serial; [n 1] the novel was his favourite work, but sales were disappointing and he faced financial difficulties.
Celebrating the Christmas season had been growing in popularity through the Victorian era. Their practice was copied in many homes across the country. Dickens had an interest in Christmas, and his first story on the subject was "Christmas Festivities", published in Bell's Weekly Messenger in ; the story was then published as "A Christmas Dinner" in Sketches by Boz In the episode, a Mr Wardle relates the tale of Gabriel Grub, a lonely and mean-spirited sexton , who undergoes a Christmas conversion after being visited by goblins who show him the past and future. Dickens was not the first author to celebrate the Christmas season in literature.
Several works may have had an influence on the writing of A Christmas Carol , including two Douglas Jerrold essays: Dickens was touched by the lot of poor children in the middle decades of the 19th century. It was a parliamentary report exposing the effects of the Industrial Revolution upon working class children.
Horrified by what he read, Dickens planned to publish an inexpensive political pamphlet tentatively titled, An Appeal to the People of England, on behalf of the Poor Man's Child , but changed his mind, deferring the pamphlet's production until the end of the year.
In a fundraising speech on 5 October at the Manchester Athenaeum , Dickens urged workers and employers to join together to combat ignorance with educational reform,  and realised in the days following that the most effective way to reach the broadest segment of the population with his social concerns about poverty and injustice was to write a deeply felt Christmas narrative rather than polemical pamphlets and essays.
By mid Dickens began to suffer from financial problems. Sales of Martin Chuzzlewit were falling off, and his wife, Catherine , was pregnant with their fifth child. George Cruikshank , the illustrator who had earlier worked with Dickens on Sketches by Boz and Oliver Twist , introduced him to the caricaturist John Leech. By 24 October Dickens invited Leech to work on A Christmas Carol , and four hand-coloured etchings and four black-and-white wood engravings by the artist accompanied the text. The central character of A Christmas Carol is Ebenezer Scrooge, a miserly London-based moneylender,  described in the story as "a squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner!
This psychological conflict may be responsible for the two radically different Scrooges in the tale—one a cold, stingy and greedy semi-recluse, the other a benevolent, sociable man. Scrooge could also be based on two misers: Elwell, Scrooge's views on the poor are a reflection of those of the demographer and political economist Thomas Malthus ,  while the miser's questions "Are there no prisons?
And the Union workhouses? The treadmill and the Poor Law are in full vigour, then?
A Christmas Carol ( film) - Wikipedia
There are literary precursors for Scrooge in Dickens's own works. Peter Ackroyd , Dickens's biographer, sees similarities between the character and the elder Martin Chuzzlewit character, although the miser is "a more fantastic image" than the Chuzzlewit patriarch; Ackroyd observes that Chuzzlewit's transformation to a charitable figure is a parallel to that of the miser.
The grave was for Ebenezer Lennox Scroggie, whose job was given as a meal man—a corn merchant; Dickens misread the inscription as "mean man". When Dickens was young he lived near a tradesman's premises with the sign "Goodge and Marney", which may have provided the name for Scrooge's former business partner. The transformation of Scrooge is central to the story. Other writers, including Kelly, consider that Dickens put forward a "secular vision of this sacred holiday". Jordan argues that A Christmas Carol shows what Dickens referred to in a letter to Foster as his " Carol philosophy, cheerful views, sharp anatomisation of humbug, jolly good temper Dickens wrote A Christmas Carol because of how British social policy treated children at the time, and wished to use the novella as a means to put forward his arguments against it.
As the result of the disagreements with Chapman and Hall over the commercial failures of Martin Chuzzlewit ,  Dickens arranged to pay for the publishing himself, in exchange for a percentage of the profits. The first printing contained drab olive endpapers that Dickens felt were unacceptable, and the publisher Chapman and Hall quickly replaced them with yellow endpapers, but, once replaced, those clashed with the title page, which was then redone. Chapman and Hall issued second and third editions before the new year, and the book continued to sell well into According to Douglas-Fairhurst, contemporary reviews of A Christmas Carol "were almost uniformly kind".
The last two people I heard speak of it were women; neither knew the other, or the author, and both said, by way of criticism, 'God bless him! The poet Thomas Hood , in his own journal , wrote that "If Christmas, with its ancient and hospitable customs, its social and charitable observances, were ever in danger of decay, this is the book that would give them a new lease.
- Alexander Hamilton: Young Statesman (Young Patriots series).
- Englische Gedichte aus neuerer Zeit (German Edition).
- How does Dickens present family in A Christmas Carol?.
- La Pizza - Tecniche e segreti dellimpasto perfetto (Italian Edition).
- Application of Lightweighting Technology to Military Vehicles, Vessels, and Aircraft.
There were critics of the book. The New Monthly Magazine praised the story, but thought the book's physical excesses—the gilt edges and expensive binding—kept the price high, making it unavailable to the poor. The review recommended that the tale should be printed on cheap paper and priced accordingly.
- Ebenezer Scrooge.
- Last Call (Erotic Short Story / Menage).
- Environmental Management & Cruise Ships: ...how can such beauty harm our environment?.
- The Atlantic Sound.
Following criticism of the US in American Notes and Martin Chuzzlewit , American readers were less enthusiastic at first, but by the end of the American Civil War , copies of the book were in wide circulation. In January Parley's Illuminated Library published an unauthorised version of the story in a condensed form which they sold for twopence.
A Christmas Carol: the best and worst adaptations
I have not the least doubt that if these Vagabonds can be stopped they must. Let us be the sledge-hammer in this, or I shall be beset by hundreds of the same crew when I come out with a long story. Two days after the release of the Parley version, Dickens sued on the cases of copyright infringement and won. Dickens returned to the tale several times during his life to amend the phrasing and punctuation. He capitalised on the success of the book by publishing other Christmas stories The Chimes , The Cricket on the Hearth , The Battle of Life and The Haunted Man and the Ghost's Bargain ; these were secular conversion tales which reflected the societal changes of the previous year, and which social problems still needed to be dealt with.
Ross Petty Presents: A Christmas Carol - The Family Musical with a Scrooge Loose!
While the public eagerly bought the later books, the reviewers were highly critical of the stories. By Dickens was engaged with David Copperfield and had neither the time nor the inclination to produce another Christmas book. In the years following the book's publication, responses to the tale were published by W. The novella was adapted for the stage almost immediately. Three productions opened on 5 February , with one by Edward Stirling sanctioned by Dickens and running for more than 40 nights. Davis considers the adaptations have become better remembered than the original.
Some of Dickens's scenes — visiting the miners and lighthouse keepers — have been forgotten by many, while other add scenes—such as Scrooge visiting the Cratchits on Christmas Day, which many think are part of the original story. Accordingly, Davis identifies the original text, and the "remembered version". The phrase " Merry Christmas " had been around for many years — the earliest known written use was in a letter in — but Dickens's use of the term in A Christmas Carol popularised the term among the Victorian public.
In the early 19th century the celebration of Christmas was associated in Britain with the countryside and peasant revels, disconnected to the increasing urbanisation and industrialisation taking place. Davis considers that in A Christmas Carol , Dickens showed that Christmas could be celebrated in towns and cities, despite increasing modernisation. The Oxford Movement of the s and s had produced a resurgence of the traditional rituals and religious observances associated with Christmastide and, with A Christmas Carol , Dickens captured the zeitgeist while he reflected and reinforced his vision of Christmas.
Dickens advocated a humanitarian focus of the holiday,  which influenced several aspects of Christmas that are still celebrated in Western culture, such as family gatherings, seasonal food and drink, dancing, games and a festive generosity of spirit. The novelist William Dean Howells , analysing several of Dickens's Christmas stories, including A Christmas Carol , considered that by the "pathos appears false and strained; the humor largely horseplay; the characters theatrical; the joviality pumped; the psychology commonplace; the sociology alone funny".
Ruth Glancy, a professor of English literature, states that the largest impact of A Christmas Carol was the influence felt by individual readers. Chesterton wrote "The beauty and blessing of the story